Workers’ compensation insurance system
As part of the Finnish social insurance system, the workers’ compensation insurance (TyTA) is included in the statutory social security for employees. The workers’ compensation insurance system takes precedence over other social security benefits.
The workers’ compensation insurance system is based on the Workers’ Compensation Act (no 459/2015 in the Statutes of Finland, abbreviated TyTAL) which contains provisions on a number of matters, such as compensable claim events, benefits covered by the insurance policy, implementation of the insurance system and the premium principles.
TyTAL entered into force on 1 January 2016, combining the provisions of three acts valid at the time: Employment Accidents Insurance Act (608/1948), Occupational Diseases Act (1343/1988) and Act on rehabilitation compensable under the Employment Accidents Insurance Act (625/1991; the Rehabilitation Act).
The above acts will continue to apply to occupational accidents and diseases that occurred or manifested on 31 December 2015 or before. This means that the compensability of, and compensations payable for, claim events occurring before the said date will be based on the Employment Accidents Insurance Act. However, even in these cases the new act will apply to the processing of claims and appeals.
TVL’s TyTAL bulletin of 7 May 2015 (in Finnish)